Library: Tendons

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Infraspinatus Tendinitis

Tendon attaches muscle to bone and is the focus for the “pull” of the muscle. When you damage it the muscle pulls part of the tendon away from the bone and the attachment point (or focus) becomes frayed and sore. While the tendons themselves are enormously strong (half the tensile strength of steel), the attachment to the bone is usually weaker and first to give. Tendinitis is very common at the shoulder.

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Tags: Upper Body, Shoulder, Arms and Legs, Tendons, Muscle sprain or strain, Neck / Shoulder problems, Sports Injuries, Tendinitis

Bursitis

The shoulder is an amazingly complex structure made up of 3 joints and a series of muscles, tendons and ligaments that hold the joints together. A bursa is a small pad of protective fluid designed to prevent friction between any two of these, preventing them from rubbing directly off one another. There are many potential sore spots in the shoulder for bursae. Bursitis is swelling of a bursa and they are located at the points in the shoulder that are most likely to have to absorb pressure.

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Tags: Upper Body, Neck & Shoulder, Shoulder, Bursa, Ligaments, Tendons, Muscles, Bursitis

Sprain / Dislocation Acromioclavicular Joint

The shoulder joint is the most mobile of all joints. It is made of 3 bones and a complex series of muscles, tendons and ligaments. The AC joint, one of 3 in the shoulder, is a very shallow joint which only allows a small amount of movement. The joint relies solely on ligaments to hold it together. If these ligaments are torn fully, the joint is said to be “separated” or dislocated.

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Tags: Upper Body, Neck & Shoulder, Shoulder, Chest, Ligaments, Tendons

Achilles Tendinitis

Tendons are bands of tough tissue that join muscle to bone. The Achilles is the tendon that joins the calf muscle to the heel. When the calf muscle contracts it pulls on the Achilles tendon and this points the toes down. A rupture happens when too much pull is put on the tendon by the calf muscles. Tendinitis happens when only some of the strands or fibres of the tendon snap or break, or where they become frayed or inflamed.

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Tags: Legs, Ankle, Tendons, Muscles, Achilles Tendinitis, Muscle sprain or strain, Sports Injuries, Tendinitis

Sprained Ankle

Your ankle joint is made up of three bones held together by two main ligaments, one on either side. Since the inside (near the other ankle) ligament is the strongest, most strains are caused when the ankle joint bends outward. In bending, the ligaments on the outside are over-stretched and as it is made up of taut bands, some (or all) of these may tear, depending on the severity of the twist. In doing this, you may also break the bone in you leg. It is always wise to have an x-ray after a severe sprain.

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Tags: Ankle, Tendons, Muscles, Sports Injuries, Sprained Ankle, Tendinitis

Morton’s Metatarsalgia

Pain in the ball of your foot is called Metatarsalgia. Where this type of pain is confined to the 3rd and 4th toes it is called Morton’s Metatarsalgia. The piercing pain is caused by a pinching of the nerve that serves the toes. It is a pain that is often associated with Flat Foot or Fallen Arches.

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Tags: Legs, Knees, Ankle, Feet, Ligaments, Tendons, Muscles, Fallen Arches, Flat Feet, Pain in ball of foot - Morton's Metatarsalgia

Fallen Arch - Flat Feet

The foot is an amazingly complex unit of 26 bones tied together with ligaments, muscles, fascia and tendons. Some of this fascia joins the front of the foot to the heel, working like a bowstring to create an arch. When you stand, the inside of the foot usually has a space between it and the floor. This is called your arch. If you have flat feet this arch is absent.

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Tags: Lower Body, Legs, Knees, Feet, Ligaments, Tendons, Muscles, Ankle Sprain or Strain, Fallen Arches, Flat Feet, Muscle sprain or strain

Rupture of the Achilles Tendon

The Achilles is the tendon that joins the calf muscles to the heel. When the calf muscle contracts it pulls on the Achilles tendon and this points the toes down. A rupture happens when too much pull is put on the tendon by the calf muscle. This happens because the calf muscle is a strong muscle and the foot when it “pushes off” exerts a lot of pressure.

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Tags: rupture, Arms and Legs, Lower Body, Feet, Tendons, Ankle Sprain or Strain, Muscle sprain or strain, Sports Injuries, Tendinitis

Tendinitis

Tendinitis is an overuse injury that develops gradually. Tendon attaches muscle to bone and is the focus for the “pull” of the muscle. What happens is that the muscle pulls part of the tendon away from the bone and the attachment point (or focus) becomes frayed and sore. Tendinitis is most common at the sites of the strongest muscles.

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Tags: Shoulder, Legs, Feet, Tendons, Muscles, Dislocation, Neck / Shoulder problems, Sports Injuries, Stress related conditions, Tendinitis

Rupture of the Tendon, Lower Limb

Tendon attaches muscle to bone and is the focus for the “pull” of the muscle. When you damage a tendon the muscle pulls part of the tendon away from the bone and the attachment point becomes frayed and sore. In the case of a rupture the tendon becomes completely detached from the bone and you can no longer move the joint.

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Tags: Lower Body, Legs, Ankle, Feet, Tendons, rupture -, Sports Injuries, Tendinitis

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