Library: Spine

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Referred Pain

Referred pain is pain that is felt at a distance from its source. Referred pain in the knee may be coming from your back or your hip. If, for example, you have a prolapsed disc which is pressing on the sciatic nerve the pain can be transmitted along the nerve and be felt anywhere along its path. The further the point of pain from the source the greater the level of damage to the nerve. Back pain that makes your foot sore is usually more serious than if the all the discomfort was in the back. The pain may also be referred to your knee from “trigger points” in your muscles.

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Tags: Whole Body, Arms and Legs, Lower Body, Ligaments, Spine, Tendons, Muscles, Back pain, Joint strains, Muscle Tears, Muscle sprain or strain, Referred Pain, Sports Injuries

Coccydynia

Your coccyx, also known as the “tail bone” is made up of the lowest 5 bones in the spine. Usually some of the 5 are joined together so that you may have only three or so segments. Your coccyx is as individual as you are, they come in all shapes and sizes! These segments, like all bones are held together by ligaments. Coccydynia is the term for any pain coming from the coccyx area. Pain can start from a blow (kick in the butt), a fall on your bottom, childbirth, or by a small bony growth that inflames a bursa.

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Tags: Back - Lower, Lower Body, Ligaments, Spine, Tendons, Muscles, Back pain, Coccydynia, Sports Injuries

Scheuermann’s Disease

Your spine is made up of 33 bones, 12 of them in the mid-back (thoracic spine). They are each about one inch high, stacked like poker chips one on top of the other. When the surfaces of these bones begin to crumble it is referred to as Scheuermann’s Disease. The crumbling will last for one or two years, usually your early teens and then it stops.

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Tags: Back - Upper, Back - Lower, Chest, Abdomen, Ligaments, Spine, Tendons, Muscles, Back pain, Scheuermann’s Disease

Spondylolisthesis

Your back is made up of 33 bones (or vertebra) stacked one on top of the other like poker chips. These individual bones are held together by ligaments and kept upright mostly by muscles and tendons. Because of your shape and build the lower vertebrae take most take most of the pressure. When one of these vertebrae slips forward it is known as Spondylolisthesis.

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Tags: Back - Upper, Back - Lower, Spine, Muscles, Back pain, Head - problems turning the head, Osteoarthritis

Back Tumour

A tumour is another name for a growth. It may be either benign or malignant. The main feature is related to pain, it gets worse all the time, and is often unrelieved even when you sit or lie down. Depending on the location of the tumour, you may lose the use of a limb through paralysis.

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Tags: Back - Upper, Back - Lower, Spine, Muscles, Back pain, Head - problems turning the head, Neck / Shoulder problems

Back Strain

Your back is made up of a series of 33 bones (or vertebrae) stacked like poker chips, one on top of the other to form the spine. The spine sits on the sacrum, which in turn is attached to your pelvic bone. All of these are held together by a by a complex series of ligaments and muscles. The ligaments allow slight movement to occur at the joints, and when you over-stretch these ligaments and the joints become locked, it is called Back Strain.

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Tags: Back - Upper, Back - Lower, Ligaments, Spine, Tendons, Muscles, Back pain, Neck / Shoulder problems, Sports Injuries

Prolapsed Disk - Spine

Your spine is made up of 33 bones, each about one inch high, stacked like poker chips one on top of the other. Each of these bones has a hollow and when they are stacked the hollows combine to form a canal running from your neck to the bottom of the back. Inside this tunnel the spinal cord (your nerve centre) runs. The bones in the back can move slightly, they give the curve to your spine and move when you straighten and bend. They can also rotate slightly.

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Tags: Back - Upper, Back - Lower, Arms, Hands, Spine, Back pain

TB of the Spine

Tuberculosis is a bacterial infection that attacks the lungs first but can also affect the spine. In the spine it attacks some of the bones in the middle or lower and sometimes upper back. The bones in the lower back are separated from each other by cushions (or discs) and the TB can eat into one of these causing the spine to bend sharply forward. When this happens it is called an angular Kyphosis.

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Tags: Upper Body, Neck, Back - Upper, Back - Lower, Spine, Neck / Shoulder problems

Scoliosis - Curvature of the Spine

Your spine is a complex arrangement of 33 bones, each about an inch high, that are stacked like poker chips one over the other. Between each of these bones (or vertebra) is a cushion that keeps them from grating on one another. This cushion allows the spine to bend. A healthy spine, when you look at it from behind, curves naturally inwards on the bottom to form a hollow and outwards slightly on the top. If your spine bends either to the left or the right you are said to have “Scoliosis”.

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Tags: Back - Upper, Back - Lower, Spine, Back pain

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