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Torn Ligaments

The 3 bones of the knee are held together by 4 main ligaments, 2 at the front, deep in the knee, which run from top to bottom, diagonally and cross each other. Since they cross, they are referred to as cruciate ligaments. The other 2 ligaments are located, one at either side. The knee is normally a very strong and stable joint, because of the strength of these ligaments. Tearing or severing any one of these ligaments, aside from being extremely painful, is very damaging to the stability of the joint and consequently a career threatening injury. Torn ligaments will not heal themselves, they need to be surgically repaired. Usually ligaments torn in the centre will be sewn together, and ligaments torn from the bone will be stapled back on to it.

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Tags: Lower Body, Knees, Shin, Ligaments, torn, Tendons, Ligament Tear, Sports Injuries

Dislocated Kneecap - Patella

The patella is anatomical name for the kneecap. It is embedded in the tendon at the end of the thigh muscles and slides in a groove as the thigh muscle shortens and lengthens. It acts as part of a pulley, sliding over the end of the thigh bone, transferring the pull of the quadriceps muscle when you straighten your knee. In fact, it is involved in every action of the knee joint and every time you move your knee the kneecap glides along its track.

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Tags: Back - Lower, Arms and Legs, Lower Body, Knees, Shin, Ankle, Ligaments, Dislocated Kneecap - Patella, Joint strains

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