Library: Neck / Shoulder problems

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Back Tumour

A tumour is another name for a growth. It may be either benign or malignant. The main feature is related to pain, it gets worse all the time, and is often unrelieved even when you sit or lie down. Depending on the location of the tumour, you may lose the use of a limb through paralysis.

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Tags: Back - Upper, Back - Lower, Spine, Muscles, Back pain, Head - problems turning the head, Neck / Shoulder problems

Back Strain

Your back is made up of a series of 33 bones (or vertebrae) stacked like poker chips, one on top of the other to form the spine. The spine sits on the sacrum, which in turn is attached to your pelvic bone. All of these are held together by a by a complex series of ligaments and muscles. The ligaments allow slight movement to occur at the joints, and when you over-stretch these ligaments and the joints become locked, it is called Back Strain.

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Tags: Back - Upper, Back - Lower, Ligaments, Spine, Tendons, Muscles, Back pain, Neck / Shoulder problems, Sports Injuries

Spasmodic Torticollis

Spasmodic Torticollis (ST) is a condition thought to be caused by a neurological disorder. It is not unlike having a permanent “cramp” in your neck muscles. Usually, because you are unable to move the neck you will hold it at an awkward angle causing one shoulder to be held higher than the other. It is not clear exactly what causes the condition so it is difficult to treat.

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Tags: Upper Body, Head, Neck, Neck & Shoulder, Shoulder, Muscles, Head - problems turning the head, Muscle sprain or strain, Neck / Shoulder problems

Wry Neck - Torticollis

Sometimes when you keep your head in a fixed position over a long period of time (studying, long drive, awkward sleeping position) this can cause a shortening of the neck muscles which may result in neck spasm. This is called Wry Neck or sometimes Torticollis. A spasm is similar to a cramp in that it does not allow you move your neck in the normal way and some movements are particularly painful.

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Tags: Upper Body, Neck, Neck & Shoulder, Muscles, Head - problems turning the head, Muscle sprain or strain, Neck / Shoulder problems

Whiplash

In a rear-end collision your head is often thrown violently backwards in relation to your spine. There will be usually be damage to your muscles, tendons, ligaments, bones and other soft tissue. The amount of damage depends on how hard the impact was and the condition of your neck before the impact. Damage will happen too if the impact is from the front or side as your head tends to be thrown in the direction from which the blow came.

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Tags: Upper Body, Head, Neck, Neck & Shoulder, Muscles, Head - problems turning the head, Muscle sprain or strain, Neck / Shoulder problems, Whiplash

TB of the Spine

Tuberculosis is a bacterial infection that attacks the lungs first but can also affect the spine. In the spine it attacks some of the bones in the middle or lower and sometimes upper back. The bones in the lower back are separated from each other by cushions (or discs) and the TB can eat into one of these causing the spine to bend sharply forward. When this happens it is called an angular Kyphosis.

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Tags: Upper Body, Neck, Back - Upper, Back - Lower, Spine, Neck / Shoulder problems

Osteoarthritis of the Acromioclavicular Joint - Shoulder

While Osteoarthritis is a condition most people are likely to suffer from if they live long enough, it is rare in the shoulder joint. As a “wear and tear” type illness it tends to affect weight bearing joints, (hips, spine and knees). But you may get it in the shoulder if you damaged it when you were younger. What happens is that the lining of your joints, once hard and shiny and an excellent gliding surface, begins to wear, crack and erode until the lining is gone and bone rubs directly off bone.

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Tags: Shoulder, Arthritis, Neck / Shoulder problems, Osteoarthritis

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid Arthritis is a condition that causes the body to attack itself. The lining of the joints are the first to be affected becoming hot and swollen, with the protective coverings of the joints and ligaments being worn down. Usually, a number of joints are involved at the same time; most likely to suffer are the hands, wrists, feet, knees and elbows. It can also affect other parts of the body, including the heart. Nobody is sure what causes the disease, but it often comes in phases that can ease up after a few months or years.

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Tags: Whole Body, Shoulder, Arms, Hands, Wrists, Legs, Arthritis, Neck / Shoulder problems, Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rupture of the Supraspinatus Tendon

While the tendons themselves are enormously strong (half the tensile strength of steel), the attachment to the bone is usually weaker and first to give. Tendinitis is very common at the shoulder. This tendon is involved in all shoulder movements. It prevents downward drag on the arm as in carrying.

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Tags: Neck & Shoulder, Shoulder, Tendons, rupture -, Dislocation, Neck / Shoulder problems, Sports Injuries, Tendinitis

Supraspinatus Tendinitis

Tendinitis is very common at the shoulder. This tendon is involved in all shoulder movements. It prevents downward drag on the arm as in carrying. The most painful movement involves moving the straight arm out to the side and up over the head. The middle part of this movement causes pain; from 45 to 160 degrees and lowering the arm from this position is also extremely painful.

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Tags: Upper Body, Neck & Shoulder, Shoulder, Arms, Tendons, Muscles, Dislocation, Muscle sprain or strain, Neck / Shoulder problems, Sports Injuries, Sprain, Tendinitis

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