Library: Muscle sprain or strain

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Hamstring Muscle - Torn Calf Muscle

Your muscles are made of fibres resembling threads. A muscle tear happens when these “threads” are stretched too much and break. As they break, the severed ends spring back and curl up. This space is then filled with blood which causes the discoloration that appears as bruising after a day or so. Muscles can tear for many reasons, lack of proper warm-up, over stressing, weakness from a previous injury or poor repair, over tired, tense or cold muscles damage more easily. The amount and severity of the tear depends on the severity of the stretch or the blow you received.

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Tags: Lower Body, Legs, Muscles, torn, Hamstring muscle tear, Muscle sprain or strain, Sports Injuries

Fracture - Knee

A fracture is another name for a break in the bone. There are 3 bones in the knee and these are held together by ligaments. The knee joint is designed in such a way as to allow great flexibility and strength. The leg bones themselves are capable of withstanding compression of a ton or more and the ligaments have half the tensile strength of steel. This strength and flexibility must be severely limited in order for your fracture to heal after a break, and often a plaster cast is required running from the thigh to the instep. As with most broken bones, once held immobile in a rigid plaster, the bone is capable of healing itself.

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Tags: Knees, Fracture, Muscle sprain or strain, Sports Injuries

Referred Pain

Referred pain is pain that is felt at a distance from its source. Referred pain in the knee may be coming from your back or your hip. If, for example, you have a prolapsed disc which is pressing on the sciatic nerve the pain can be transmitted along the nerve and be felt anywhere along its path. The further the point of pain from the source the greater the level of damage to the nerve. Back pain that makes your foot sore is usually more serious than if the all the discomfort was in the back. The pain may also be referred to your knee from “trigger points” in your muscles.

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Tags: Whole Body, Arms and Legs, Lower Body, Ligaments, Spine, Tendons, Muscles, Back pain, Joint strains, Muscle Tears, Muscle sprain or strain, Referred Pain, Sports Injuries

Rupture of the Tendon

Tendon attaches muscle to bone and is the focus for the “pull” of the muscle. When you damage it (see Tendinitis) the muscle pulls part of the tendon away from the bone and the attachment point (or focus) becomes frayed and sore. In the case of a rupture the tendon becomes completely detached from the bone and you can no longer move the joint. While the tendons themselves are enormously strong (half the tensile strength of steel), the attachment to the bone is usually weaker and first to give. Tendinitis is most common at the sites of the strongest muscles (quads, arm muscles, calves).

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Tags: Arms and Legs, Tendons, rupture -, Muscles, Joint strains, Muscle sprain or strain, Rupture of Tendons, Tendinitis

Torn Muscle - Muscle Tears

Your muscles are made of fibres resembling threads wound into rope. Each layer is covered by “cling film”. A muscle tear happens when these “threads” are stretched too much and break. As they break, the severed ends spring back and curl up. This space is then filled with blood which causes the discoloration that appears as bruising after a day or so. Muscles can tear for many reasons, lack of proper warm-up, over stressing, weakness from a previous injury or poor repair, over tired, tense or cold muscles damage more easily.

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Tags: Muscles, torn, Muscle Tears, Muscle sprain or strain, Sports Injuries

Spasmodic Torticollis

Spasmodic Torticollis (ST) is a condition thought to be caused by a neurological disorder. It is not unlike having a permanent “cramp” in your neck muscles. Usually, because you are unable to move the neck you will hold it at an awkward angle causing one shoulder to be held higher than the other. It is not clear exactly what causes the condition so it is difficult to treat.

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Tags: Upper Body, Head, Neck, Neck & Shoulder, Shoulder, Muscles, Head - problems turning the head, Muscle sprain or strain, Neck / Shoulder problems

Wry Neck - Torticollis

Sometimes when you keep your head in a fixed position over a long period of time (studying, long drive, awkward sleeping position) this can cause a shortening of the neck muscles which may result in neck spasm. This is called Wry Neck or sometimes Torticollis. A spasm is similar to a cramp in that it does not allow you move your neck in the normal way and some movements are particularly painful.

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Tags: Upper Body, Neck, Neck & Shoulder, Muscles, Head - problems turning the head, Muscle sprain or strain, Neck / Shoulder problems

Whiplash

In a rear-end collision your head is often thrown violently backwards in relation to your spine. There will be usually be damage to your muscles, tendons, ligaments, bones and other soft tissue. The amount of damage depends on how hard the impact was and the condition of your neck before the impact. Damage will happen too if the impact is from the front or side as your head tends to be thrown in the direction from which the blow came.

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Tags: Upper Body, Head, Neck, Neck & Shoulder, Muscles, Head - problems turning the head, Muscle sprain or strain, Neck / Shoulder problems, Whiplash

Rupture of the Biceps Tendon

In a rupture, the tendon gets completely detached from the bone or the belly of the muscle and you can no longer move the joint. The biceps is different because it has two tendons instead of one, and usually only one tears. This means that it is less sore than normal and that you can still bend your elbow upwards without too much pain but the muscle bulges upwards into a ball.

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Tags: Shoulder, Arms, Tendons, rupture -, Muscle sprain or strain, Sports Injuries, Tendinitis

Supraspinatus Tendinitis

Tendinitis is very common at the shoulder. This tendon is involved in all shoulder movements. It prevents downward drag on the arm as in carrying. The most painful movement involves moving the straight arm out to the side and up over the head. The middle part of this movement causes pain; from 45 to 160 degrees and lowering the arm from this position is also extremely painful.

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Tags: Upper Body, Neck & Shoulder, Shoulder, Arms, Tendons, Muscles, Dislocation, Muscle sprain or strain, Neck / Shoulder problems, Sports Injuries, Sprain, Tendinitis

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