Library: Lower Body

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Cramp in Muscles - Hamstring Muscle Cramp

Cramp is your muscles way of telling you to ease up. Either you are using them for longer than they are used to or you are using them harder than they are used to. During cramp your muscles contract involuntarily for a sustained period of time. There are many factors that can make cramp happen so it is difficult to say exactly what causes it. Suddenly undertaking exercise for much longer than you are used to can cause it as can exercising at a higher level.

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Tags: Lower Body, Legs, Feet, Tendons, Muscles, Muscle Cramps

Hamstring Muscle - Torn Calf Muscle

Your muscles are made of fibres resembling threads. A muscle tear happens when these “threads” are stretched too much and break. As they break, the severed ends spring back and curl up. This space is then filled with blood which causes the discoloration that appears as bruising after a day or so. Muscles can tear for many reasons, lack of proper warm-up, over stressing, weakness from a previous injury or poor repair, over tired, tense or cold muscles damage more easily. The amount and severity of the tear depends on the severity of the stretch or the blow you received.

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Tags: Lower Body, Legs, Muscles, torn, Hamstring muscle tear, Muscle sprain or strain, Sports Injuries

Hamstring Muscle Strain

Your muscles are made of fibres resembling threads and wrapped in “cling film”. A muscle tear happens when some of these fibres are stretched too much and break. As they break, the severed ends spring back and curl up. This space is then filled with blood which causes the discoloration that appears as bruising after a day or so. Muscles can tear for many reasons, lack of proper warm-up, over stressing, weakness from a previous injury or poor repair. Over-tired, tense or cold muscles damage more easily. The amount and severity of the tear depends on the severity of the stretch or the blow you received.

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Tags: Lower Body, Legs, Muscles, strain, Hamstring muscle tear, Sports Injuries, Sprain

Torn Ligaments

The 3 bones of the knee are held together by 4 main ligaments, 2 at the front, deep in the knee, which run from top to bottom, diagonally and cross each other. Since they cross, they are referred to as cruciate ligaments. The other 2 ligaments are located, one at either side. The knee is normally a very strong and stable joint, because of the strength of these ligaments. Tearing or severing any one of these ligaments, aside from being extremely painful, is very damaging to the stability of the joint and consequently a career threatening injury. Torn ligaments will not heal themselves, they need to be surgically repaired. Usually ligaments torn in the centre will be sewn together, and ligaments torn from the bone will be stapled back on to it.

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Tags: Lower Body, Knees, Shin, Ligaments, torn, Tendons, Ligament Tear, Sports Injuries

Referred Pain

Referred pain is pain that is felt at a distance from its source. Referred pain in the knee may be coming from your back or your hip. If, for example, you have a prolapsed disc which is pressing on the sciatic nerve the pain can be transmitted along the nerve and be felt anywhere along its path. The further the point of pain from the source the greater the level of damage to the nerve. Back pain that makes your foot sore is usually more serious than if the all the discomfort was in the back. The pain may also be referred to your knee from “trigger points” in your muscles.

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Tags: Whole Body, Arms and Legs, Lower Body, Ligaments, Spine, Tendons, Muscles, Back pain, Joint strains, Muscle Tears, Muscle sprain or strain, Referred Pain, Sports Injuries

Dislocated Kneecap - Patella

The patella is anatomical name for the kneecap. It is embedded in the tendon at the end of the thigh muscles and slides in a groove as the thigh muscle shortens and lengthens. It acts as part of a pulley, sliding over the end of the thigh bone, transferring the pull of the quadriceps muscle when you straighten your knee. In fact, it is involved in every action of the knee joint and every time you move your knee the kneecap glides along its track.

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Tags: Back - Lower, Arms and Legs, Lower Body, Knees, Shin, Ankle, Ligaments, Dislocated Kneecap - Patella, Joint strains

Coccydynia

Your coccyx, also known as the “tail bone” is made up of the lowest 5 bones in the spine. Usually some of the 5 are joined together so that you may have only three or so segments. Your coccyx is as individual as you are, they come in all shapes and sizes! These segments, like all bones are held together by ligaments. Coccydynia is the term for any pain coming from the coccyx area. Pain can start from a blow (kick in the butt), a fall on your bottom, childbirth, or by a small bony growth that inflames a bursa.

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Tags: Back - Lower, Lower Body, Ligaments, Spine, Tendons, Muscles, Back pain, Coccydynia, Sports Injuries

Sciatica

The sciatic nerve is the longest in your body, coming from the spinal cord in the small of your back, dividing in two and running through both buttocks, legs, and calves and finishing in the feet. When this nerve is pinched and becomes sore it is called Sciatica. This may happen for a number of reasons. The cushions between the bones in your spine (vertebrae) can bulge outwards and press on it (see Prolapsed Disc).

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Tags: Back - Lower, Lower Body, Hips, Legs, Feet, Muscles, Back pain, Sciatica

Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is a condition most people are likely to suffer from, if they live long enough. It is simply part of the wear and tear of living. What happens is that the lining of your joints, once hard and shiny and an excellent gliding surface, begins to wear, crack and erode until the lining is gone and bone rubs directly off bone. Instead of the once smooth joint, the friction causes the bones to wear. Then the body responds automatically by trying to grow new layers of bone to replace the missing cartilage.

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Tags: Whole Body, Upper Body, Neck & Shoulder, Arms and Legs, Joints, Lower Body, Ligaments, Tendons, Muscles, Back pain, Osteoarthritis

Ankylosing Spondylitis

Ankylosing Spondylitis (AS) is a condition that causes the body to attack itself. The lining of the joints is the first to be affected becoming hot and swollen, with the protective coverings of the joints and ligaments being worn down. It starts with the bottom of the back and eventually the joints fuse. This means that there is no movement in them and you become stiff. The pain moves upwards and the amount you can move your back or neck is greatly reduced.

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Tags: Upper Body, Neck & Shoulder, Back - Upper, Back - Lower, Arms and Legs, Joints, Lower Body, Ligaments, Ankylosing Spondylitis

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