Library: Feet

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Tenosynovitis

Tendons attach muscle to bone and are the focus for the “pull” of the muscle. They are encased in sheaths that are naturally lubricated so that they slide easily when you use your muscles. In Tenosynovitis there is a malfunction of the lubricating system between the tendons and their sheath in the affected joints, causing them to “grate” and they then become irritated and inflamed. The sheath then becomes thickened and the tendons can no longer glide smoothly. This will sometimes cause the finger to click as you bend or straighten it. This is an over-use injury caused by repetitively using the fingers when they are under too much stress. It may also be caused by infection. It is a common condition among typists.

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Tags: Shoulder, Hands, Legs, Feet, Ligaments, Tendons, Sports Injuries, Tenosynovitis

Cramp in Muscles - Hamstring Muscle Cramp

Cramp is your muscles way of telling you to ease up. Either you are using them for longer than they are used to or you are using them harder than they are used to. During cramp your muscles contract involuntarily for a sustained period of time. There are many factors that can make cramp happen so it is difficult to say exactly what causes it. Suddenly undertaking exercise for much longer than you are used to can cause it as can exercising at a higher level.

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Tags: Lower Body, Legs, Feet, Tendons, Muscles, Muscle Cramps

Sciatica

The sciatic nerve is the longest in your body, coming from the spinal cord in the small of your back, dividing in two and running through both buttocks, legs, and calves and finishing in the feet. When this nerve is pinched and becomes sore it is called Sciatica. This may happen for a number of reasons. The cushions between the bones in your spine (vertebrae) can bulge outwards and press on it (see Prolapsed Disc).

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Tags: Back - Lower, Lower Body, Hips, Legs, Feet, Muscles, Back pain, Sciatica

Morton’s Metatarsalgia

Pain in the ball of your foot is called Metatarsalgia. Where this type of pain is confined to the 3rd and 4th toes it is called Morton’s Metatarsalgia. The piercing pain is caused by a pinching of the nerve that serves the toes. It is a pain that is often associated with Flat Foot or Fallen Arches.

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Tags: Legs, Knees, Ankle, Feet, Ligaments, Tendons, Muscles, Fallen Arches, Flat Feet, Pain in ball of foot - Morton's Metatarsalgia

Hammer Toe

Each of your feet is made up of 26 bones that are held together by a complex arrangement of ligaments, muscles, tendons and fascia. The foot is a tremendously clever piece of engineering designed to spread and absorb the weight of your body evenly when you stand or walk. It is very flexible adapting to uneven ground so you don’t stumble on rough patches. By tensing your foot muscles you can change it from being flexible to being rigid.

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Tags: Arms and Legs, Feet

Fallen Arch - Flat Feet

The foot is an amazingly complex unit of 26 bones tied together with ligaments, muscles, fascia and tendons. Some of this fascia joins the front of the foot to the heel, working like a bowstring to create an arch. When you stand, the inside of the foot usually has a space between it and the floor. This is called your arch. If you have flat feet this arch is absent.

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Tags: Lower Body, Legs, Knees, Feet, Ligaments, Tendons, Muscles, Ankle Sprain or Strain, Fallen Arches, Flat Feet, Muscle sprain or strain

Turf Toe

Though this can be an overuse injury it most often comes on suddenly. It affects the big toe in the kicking foot when it is bent too far upwards and back towards the ankle. You may not be able to curl it downwards fully, and after a while it may get stiff and sore. As with other injuries arthritis can then set in, and unless it is properly cared for it will injure more easily the second time.

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Tags: Arms and Legs, Lower Body, Feet, Ankle Sprain or Strain, Muscle sprain or strain

Hallux Valgus

Hallux is another name for the big toe. Hallux “Valgus” refers to the direction in which it is beginning to point. In Hallux Valgus the big toe begins to point to the other toes of the same foot and a lump forms on the outside at the “knuckle” of the big toe. It is a condition that is usually brought about by wearing unsuitable shoes with too little space for the toes, like high heels or cowboy boots. Depending on how long you leave the problem without treatment, other problems can start too.

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Tags: Arms and Legs, Lower Body, Feet, Ankle Sprain or Strain, Joint strains

Hallux Rigidus

Hallux is another name for the big toe, Hallux Rigidus is osteoarthritis of the big toe. The foot is so cleverly designed, and the weight so evenly spread, your toes are not normally prone to arthritis. If you have an old toe injury, maybe this has caused it. What happens is that the lining of the toe joint, once hard and shiny and an excellent gliding surface, begins to wear, crack and erode until the lining is gone and bone rubs directly off bone.

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Tags: Arms and Legs, Lower Body, Feet, Ankle Sprain or Strain, Joint strains

Fatigue Fracture of Metatarsal

Each of your feet is made up of 26 bones held together by ligaments. The foot is a tremendously clever piece of engineering designed to spread and absorb the weight of your body evenly when you stand or walk. It is very flexible adapting to uneven ground so you don’t stumble on rough patches. By tensing your foot muscles you can change it from being flexible to being rigid. When one of the bones in your foot break from overuse it is called a stress fracture.

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Tags: Arms and Legs, Lower Body, Feet, Ankle Sprain or Strain, Muscle sprain or strain, Sports Injuries

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