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Influenza

Influenza or flu is a common viral infection. There are so many different strains of the virus that we are not able to build up immunity to the flu and we all tend to get re-infected every so often. The virus spreads very easily through droplets that travel mostly through the air. But we can also pick it up from food, sharing cooking utensils, telephones or even shaking hands with an infected person. The flu virus is fought within the body.

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Tags: Whole Body, Back - Upper, Back - Lower, Chest, Muscles, Back pain, Stress related conditions

Aortic Aneurysm

The aorta is the largest artery in the body and carries all the blood from the heart. Sometimes it can develop a weakness in the wall and this can cause the wall to bulge outwards. When this happens the aorta it is called an Aortic Aneurysm. Most people will have an aneurysm without being aware of it. The aneurysm can burst and if it does it causes excruciating pain in the abdomen and back. It is a medical emergency as there can be a devastating internal blood loss.

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Tags: Back - Upper, Back - Lower, Chest, Abdomen, Back pain

Spinal Stenosis

Your spine is made up of a series of 33 bones, stacked like poker chips one on top of the other. There is a tunnel from top to bottom through which passes the spinal cord -- the nerve supply to the body. Spinal Stenosis happens when this hollow gets too small for the cord and closing in, begins to press on the cord.

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Tags: Upper Body, Back - Upper, Back - Lower, Ligaments, Tendons, Muscles, Back pain, Spinal Stenosis

Kyphosis

A healthy back or spine has two natural curves. Viewed from the side, they curve inward on the bottom and outward on the top. Kyphosis is the term used to describe a curving or bowing of the back which is greater than normal. It refers to the area around the shoulder blades. It can be caused by a number of factors: you may be born with it, it may be the result of an infection or disease, a wearing out of the discs or bones in the spine, cancer, tuberculosis or it may happen as a result of poor posture.

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Tags: Back - Upper, Ligaments, Tendons, Muscles, Back pain, Kyphosis

Lordosis

A healthy back or spine when viewed from the side has two natural curves; outward on the top near the shoulder blades and inward on the bottom around the small of the back. Lordosis is the name given to an increased curve at the base of the spine. The hollow is bigger than normal. Most often this happens because you were not aware of your posture but there are some medical conditions that can make it worse. The extra “load” of pregnancy adds to your lordosis from the 5th and 6th month onwards.

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Tags: Back - Upper, Back - Lower, Ligaments, Muscles, Back pain, Lordosis

Scheuermann’s Disease

Your spine is made up of 33 bones, 12 of them in the mid-back (thoracic spine). They are each about one inch high, stacked like poker chips one on top of the other. When the surfaces of these bones begin to crumble it is referred to as Scheuermann’s Disease. The crumbling will last for one or two years, usually your early teens and then it stops.

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Tags: Back - Upper, Back - Lower, Chest, Abdomen, Ligaments, Spine, Tendons, Muscles, Back pain, Scheuermann’s Disease

Spondylolisthesis

Your back is made up of 33 bones (or vertebra) stacked one on top of the other like poker chips. These individual bones are held together by ligaments and kept upright mostly by muscles and tendons. Because of your shape and build the lower vertebrae take most take most of the pressure. When one of these vertebrae slips forward it is known as Spondylolisthesis.

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Tags: Back - Upper, Back - Lower, Spine, Muscles, Back pain, Head - problems turning the head, Osteoarthritis

Back Tumour

A tumour is another name for a growth. It may be either benign or malignant. The main feature is related to pain, it gets worse all the time, and is often unrelieved even when you sit or lie down. Depending on the location of the tumour, you may lose the use of a limb through paralysis.

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Tags: Back - Upper, Back - Lower, Spine, Muscles, Back pain, Head - problems turning the head, Neck / Shoulder problems

Back Strain

Your back is made up of a series of 33 bones (or vertebrae) stacked like poker chips, one on top of the other to form the spine. The spine sits on the sacrum, which in turn is attached to your pelvic bone. All of these are held together by a by a complex series of ligaments and muscles. The ligaments allow slight movement to occur at the joints, and when you over-stretch these ligaments and the joints become locked, it is called Back Strain.

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Tags: Back - Upper, Back - Lower, Ligaments, Spine, Tendons, Muscles, Back pain, Neck / Shoulder problems, Sports Injuries

Prolapsed Disk - Spine

Your spine is made up of 33 bones, each about one inch high, stacked like poker chips one on top of the other. Each of these bones has a hollow and when they are stacked the hollows combine to form a canal running from your neck to the bottom of the back. Inside this tunnel the spinal cord (your nerve centre) runs. The bones in the back can move slightly, they give the curve to your spine and move when you straighten and bend. They can also rotate slightly.

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Tags: Back - Upper, Back - Lower, Arms, Hands, Spine, Back pain

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