Library: Ankle Sprain or Strain

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Fallen Arch - Flat Feet

The foot is an amazingly complex unit of 26 bones tied together with ligaments, muscles, fascia and tendons. Some of this fascia joins the front of the foot to the heel, working like a bowstring to create an arch. When you stand, the inside of the foot usually has a space between it and the floor. This is called your arch. If you have flat feet this arch is absent.

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Tags: Lower Body, Legs, Knees, Feet, Ligaments, Tendons, Muscles, Ankle Sprain or Strain, Fallen Arches, Flat Feet, Muscle sprain or strain

Turf Toe

Though this can be an overuse injury it most often comes on suddenly. It affects the big toe in the kicking foot when it is bent too far upwards and back towards the ankle. You may not be able to curl it downwards fully, and after a while it may get stiff and sore. As with other injuries arthritis can then set in, and unless it is properly cared for it will injure more easily the second time.

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Tags: Arms and Legs, Lower Body, Feet, Ankle Sprain or Strain, Muscle sprain or strain

Hallux Valgus

Hallux is another name for the big toe. Hallux “Valgus” refers to the direction in which it is beginning to point. In Hallux Valgus the big toe begins to point to the other toes of the same foot and a lump forms on the outside at the “knuckle” of the big toe. It is a condition that is usually brought about by wearing unsuitable shoes with too little space for the toes, like high heels or cowboy boots. Depending on how long you leave the problem without treatment, other problems can start too.

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Tags: Arms and Legs, Lower Body, Feet, Ankle Sprain or Strain, Joint strains

Hallux Rigidus

Hallux is another name for the big toe, Hallux Rigidus is osteoarthritis of the big toe. The foot is so cleverly designed, and the weight so evenly spread, your toes are not normally prone to arthritis. If you have an old toe injury, maybe this has caused it. What happens is that the lining of the toe joint, once hard and shiny and an excellent gliding surface, begins to wear, crack and erode until the lining is gone and bone rubs directly off bone.

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Tags: Arms and Legs, Lower Body, Feet, Ankle Sprain or Strain, Joint strains

Fatigue Fracture of Metatarsal

Each of your feet is made up of 26 bones held together by ligaments. The foot is a tremendously clever piece of engineering designed to spread and absorb the weight of your body evenly when you stand or walk. It is very flexible adapting to uneven ground so you don’t stumble on rough patches. By tensing your foot muscles you can change it from being flexible to being rigid. When one of the bones in your foot break from overuse it is called a stress fracture.

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Tags: Arms and Legs, Lower Body, Feet, Ankle Sprain or Strain, Muscle sprain or strain, Sports Injuries

Plantar Fasciitis

Fascia is the name given to the “scaffolding” of the body. It is present under your skin, holding muscles together, suspending organs, giving your body it’s unique shape. It is thickest under your foot and also acts like a “bowstring” connecting your heel to the front of your foot thereby creating an arch. Sometimes it can get inflamed and this is called plantar fasciitis.

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Tags: Arms and Legs, Lower Body, Feet, Fascia, Muscles, Ankle Sprain or Strain, Fallen Arches, Muscle sprain or strain, Sports Injuries

Rupture of the Achilles Tendon

The Achilles is the tendon that joins the calf muscles to the heel. When the calf muscle contracts it pulls on the Achilles tendon and this points the toes down. A rupture happens when too much pull is put on the tendon by the calf muscle. This happens because the calf muscle is a strong muscle and the foot when it “pushes off” exerts a lot of pressure.

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Tags: rupture, Arms and Legs, Lower Body, Feet, Tendons, Ankle Sprain or Strain, Muscle sprain or strain, Sports Injuries, Tendinitis

Fracture - Ankle / Foot

A fracture is another name for a break in the bone. There are 26 bones in each foot. The ability of the broken bone to move must be severely limited in order for your fracture to heal, and often a plaster cast is required to achieve this. As with most broken bones, once held immobile in a rigid plaster, the bone is capable of healing itself. In the case of a severe blow and fracture, it is likely that you will suffer additional damage.

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Tags: Arms and Legs, Lower Body, Ankle, Feet, Ankle Sprain or Strain

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