Library: Ankle

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Dislocated Kneecap - Patella

The patella is anatomical name for the kneecap. It is embedded in the tendon at the end of the thigh muscles and slides in a groove as the thigh muscle shortens and lengthens. It acts as part of a pulley, sliding over the end of the thigh bone, transferring the pull of the quadriceps muscle when you straighten your knee. In fact, it is involved in every action of the knee joint and every time you move your knee the kneecap glides along its track.

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Tags: Back - Lower, Arms and Legs, Lower Body, Knees, Shin, Ankle, Ligaments, Dislocated Kneecap - Patella, Joint strains

Achilles Tendinitis

Tendons are bands of tough tissue that join muscle to bone. The Achilles is the tendon that joins the calf muscle to the heel. When the calf muscle contracts it pulls on the Achilles tendon and this points the toes down. A rupture happens when too much pull is put on the tendon by the calf muscles. Tendinitis happens when only some of the strands or fibres of the tendon snap or break, or where they become frayed or inflamed.

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Tags: Legs, Ankle, Tendons, Muscles, Achilles Tendinitis, Muscle sprain or strain, Sports Injuries, Tendinitis

Sprained Ankle

Your ankle joint is made up of three bones held together by two main ligaments, one on either side. Since the inside (near the other ankle) ligament is the strongest, most strains are caused when the ankle joint bends outward. In bending, the ligaments on the outside are over-stretched and as it is made up of taut bands, some (or all) of these may tear, depending on the severity of the twist. In doing this, you may also break the bone in you leg. It is always wise to have an x-ray after a severe sprain.

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Tags: Ankle, Tendons, Muscles, Sports Injuries, Sprained Ankle, Tendinitis

Morton’s Metatarsalgia

Pain in the ball of your foot is called Metatarsalgia. Where this type of pain is confined to the 3rd and 4th toes it is called Morton’s Metatarsalgia. The piercing pain is caused by a pinching of the nerve that serves the toes. It is a pain that is often associated with Flat Foot or Fallen Arches.

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Tags: Legs, Knees, Ankle, Feet, Ligaments, Tendons, Muscles, Fallen Arches, Flat Feet, Pain in ball of foot - Morton's Metatarsalgia

Fracture - Ankle / Foot

A fracture is another name for a break in the bone. There are 26 bones in each foot. The ability of the broken bone to move must be severely limited in order for your fracture to heal, and often a plaster cast is required to achieve this. As with most broken bones, once held immobile in a rigid plaster, the bone is capable of healing itself. In the case of a severe blow and fracture, it is likely that you will suffer additional damage.

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Tags: Arms and Legs, Lower Body, Ankle, Feet, Ankle Sprain or Strain

Rupture of the Tendon, Lower Limb

Tendon attaches muscle to bone and is the focus for the “pull” of the muscle. When you damage a tendon the muscle pulls part of the tendon away from the bone and the attachment point becomes frayed and sore. In the case of a rupture the tendon becomes completely detached from the bone and you can no longer move the joint.

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Tags: Lower Body, Legs, Ankle, Feet, Tendons, rupture -, Sports Injuries, Tendinitis

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