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Trigger Finger


Symptoms Checklist:

  • Your finger is sore when you bend it
  • The pain came on slowly
  • You can hear or feel a “click” in your finger as you bend or straighten it
  • You can feel a small lump near where the finger meets the hand

Trigger Finger

Tendons attach muscle to bone and are the focus for the “pull” of the muscle.  Some are encased in sheaths that are naturally lubricated so that they slide easily when you use your muscles.  In Trigger finger there is a malfunction of the lubricating system between the tendons and their sheath in the affected finger or thumb, causing them to “grate” and they then become irritated and inflamed.  The sheath then becomes thickened and the tendons can no longer glide smoothly.  This will sometimes cause the finger to click as you bend or straighten it.  This is an over-use injury caused by repetitively using the thumb when it is under too much stress.

Physical Therapy/Osteopathy and Trigger Finger

As with all other over-use injuries, the first thing to do is to identify what is causing the problem and to stop doing it. Your Therapist will advise in the use of ice to reduce the swelling and will gradually introduce gentle stretching techniques to ease the tightening of the tendon sheath.  As the pain eases they will work more deeply on the tendon and its sheath to break down adhesions in the area caused by inflammation. If you are prone to over-use injuries your therapist will discuss ways of avoiding this condition with you.

Tags: Hands, Fingers, Tendons, Muscles, Trigger Finger

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