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Swollen Knee - Osgood Schlatter Disease


Symptoms Checklist:

  • Your pain came on gradually
  • There is swelling over the “bump” under your kneecap
  • Running, jumping and using the stairs make it worse
  • The “bump” under the kneecap is tender to touch

Osgood Schlatter Disease

The muscles of the thigh are the strongest in your body.  They are attached to your leg by a tendon just below the kneecap.  When you are sitting and want to straighten your leg their strength is focused on a small area just under the kneecap on the “bump” of the knee.  In younger people, particularly boys aged 12 who are active in sport, this part of the knee is not yet fully developed and damages easily due to the stronger than normal pull of over developed muscles.  Osgood Schlatter Disease is the name given to an overuse injury where the knee gets sore and swollen at this point.

Physical Therapy/Osteopathy and Osgood Schlatter Disease

As with all overuse injuries, rest is the first thing your therapist will recommend. Treatment will consist of massage and gentle stretching techniques to the muscles around the knee.  Over tight thigh muscles (quadriceps) can pull too hard on this point of the knee, making your problem worse.  Usually this type of treatment is sufficient to allow a return to sport but in any event the problem will ease as the bones develop.

Tags: Knees, Tendons, Muscles, Sports Injuries, Swollen Knee - Osgood Schlatter Disease

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