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Groin Strain


Symptoms Checklist:

  • Your pain started gradually
  • It hurts when you stretch your leg at the hip outwards
  • The groin is tender
  • You felt a sudden twinge or tear
  • The groin may be swollen
  • You may have pain into your thigh
  • There may be bruising and discoloration after 1 or 2 days

Groin Strain

Tendon attaches muscle to bone and is the focus for the “pull” of the muscle.  What happens in Groin Strain is that the muscle pulls part of the tendon away from the bone or away from the belly of the muscle and the attachment point (or focus) becomes frayed and sore.  There is extra pressure on these point when you over-stretch your leg outwards, or it can be pressured by kicking a ball and those repeated jarring effects can cause damage. While the tendons themselves are enormously strong (half the tensile strength of steel), the attachment is usually weaker and first to give. 

Physical Therapy/Osteopathy and Groin Strain

Groin Strain is one of the most difficult injuries to treat successfully.  This is because rest is difficult as the groin is central to many everyday activities. Your Therapist will advise in the use of ice and then when the swelling and bruising have eased will begin gentle stretches to lengthen the damaged muscle. In tendinitis, some of the many fibres that make up the tendon snap and the broken ends curl back leaving a gap. Tendon grows slowly, so it’s place is taken by scar tissue which does not have as good “pulling power” as does tendon.  The damaged fibres then re-attach themselves by forming scar tissue.  Unlike fractures, where the repair is better than the original, the quality of repair for tendons can be poor.  This is caused because of the formation of scar tissue, which sticks to the surrounding tissues and causes adhesions.  These damage the surrounding musculature and restrict circulation -- a vital part of the healing process.  The result is that the tendon is more likely to injure again because of the poor quality of the mend.  The Therapist will work to correctly align the damaged and repairing fibres, gently stretch the shortened tendons and muscles, prevent the formation of adhesions, increase circulation and improve the quality of repair.  You will also be shown exercises to help prevent recurrence. Because the blood supply to tendons is poor, the speed of recovery is also slow.  Treatment not only speeds repair and recovery, but can dramatically improve the quality of repair.

Tags: Groin, Legs, Ligaments, Tendons, Muscles, Groin Strain, Sports Injuries, Sprain, Tendinitis

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