Whiplash

In a rear-end collision your head is often thrown violently backwards in relation to your spine. There will be usually be damage to your muscles, tendons, ligaments, bones and other soft tissue. The amount of damage depends on how hard the impact was and the condition of your neck before the impact. Damage will happen too if the impact is from the front or side as your head tends to be thrown in the direction from which the blow came.

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Tags: Upper Body, Head, Neck, Neck & Shoulder, Muscles, Head - problems turning the head, Muscle sprain or strain, Neck / Shoulder problems, Whiplash

Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is a condition most people are likely to suffer from, if they live long enough. It is simply part of the wear and tear of living. What happens is that the lining of your joints, once hard and shiny and an excellent gliding surface, begins to wear, crack and erode until the lining is gone and bone rubs directly off bone. Instead of the once smooth joint, the friction causes the bones to wear. Then the body responds automatically by trying to grow new layers of bone to replace the missing cartilage.

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Tags: Whole Body, Upper Body, Neck & Shoulder, Arms and Legs, Joints, Lower Body, Ligaments, Tendons, Muscles, Back pain, Osteoarthritis

Prolapsed Disk - Spine

Your spine is made up of 33 bones, each about one inch high, stacked like poker chips one on top of the other. Each of these bones has a hollow and when they are stacked the hollows combine to form a canal running from your neck to the bottom of the back. Inside this tunnel the spinal cord (your nerve centre) runs. The bones in the back can move slightly, they give the curve to your spine and move when you straighten and bend. They can also rotate slightly.

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Tags: Back - Upper, Back - Lower, Arms, Hands, Spine, Back pain

TB of the Spine

Tuberculosis is a bacterial infection that attacks the lungs first but can also affect the spine. In the spine it attacks some of the bones in the middle or lower and sometimes upper back. The bones in the lower back are separated from each other by cushions (or discs) and the TB can eat into one of these causing the spine to bend sharply forward. When this happens it is called an angular Kyphosis.

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Tags: Upper Body, Neck, Back - Upper, Back - Lower, Spine, Neck / Shoulder problems

Scoliosis - Curvature of the Spine

Your spine is a complex arrangement of 33 bones, each about an inch high, that are stacked like poker chips one over the other. Between each of these bones (or vertebra) is a cushion that keeps them from grating on one another. This cushion allows the spine to bend. A healthy spine, when you look at it from behind, curves naturally inwards on the bottom to form a hollow and outwards slightly on the top. If your spine bends either to the left or the right you are said to have “Scoliosis”.

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Tags: Back - Upper, Back - Lower, Spine, Back pain

Ankylosing Spondylitis

Ankylosing Spondylitis (AS) is a condition that causes the body to attack itself. The lining of the joints is the first to be affected becoming hot and swollen, with the protective coverings of the joints and ligaments being worn down. It starts with the bottom of the back and eventually the joints fuse. This means that there is no movement in them and you become stiff. The pain moves upwards and the amount you can move your back or neck is greatly reduced.

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Tags: Upper Body, Neck & Shoulder, Back - Upper, Back - Lower, Arms and Legs, Joints, Lower Body, Ligaments, Ankylosing Spondylitis

Osteoporosis - Brittle Bone Disease

Osteoporosis is another name for brittle bone disease. For you bones to stay healthy they need among other things a plentiful supply of calcium and exercise. The calcium supply to the bones may be affected by a number of factors including a gene that is unable to efficiently process calcium, a biochemical change in your blood, a lack of exercise or taking certain medications. If the body is short of calcium it takes whatever it needs from the bones and leaves them short. As a result bones stop growing and they become brittle.

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Tags: Whole Body, Shoulder, Back - Upper, Back - Lower, Back pain, Fracture, Osteoporosis

Osteoarthritis of the Acromioclavicular Joint - Shoulder

While Osteoarthritis is a condition most people are likely to suffer from if they live long enough, it is rare in the shoulder joint. As a “wear and tear” type illness it tends to affect weight bearing joints, (hips, spine and knees). But you may get it in the shoulder if you damaged it when you were younger. What happens is that the lining of your joints, once hard and shiny and an excellent gliding surface, begins to wear, crack and erode until the lining is gone and bone rubs directly off bone.

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Tags: Shoulder, Arthritis, Neck / Shoulder problems, Osteoarthritis

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid Arthritis is a condition that causes the body to attack itself. The lining of the joints are the first to be affected becoming hot and swollen, with the protective coverings of the joints and ligaments being worn down. Usually, a number of joints are involved at the same time; most likely to suffer are the hands, wrists, feet, knees and elbows. It can also affect other parts of the body, including the heart. Nobody is sure what causes the disease, but it often comes in phases that can ease up after a few months or years.

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Tags: Whole Body, Shoulder, Arms, Hands, Wrists, Legs, Arthritis, Neck / Shoulder problems, Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rupture of the Biceps Tendon

In a rupture, the tendon gets completely detached from the bone or the belly of the muscle and you can no longer move the joint. The biceps is different because it has two tendons instead of one, and usually only one tears. This means that it is less sore than normal and that you can still bend your elbow upwards without too much pain but the muscle bulges upwards into a ball.

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Tags: Shoulder, Arms, Tendons, rupture -, Muscle sprain or strain, Sports Injuries, Tendinitis

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