Rupture of the Tendon

Tendon attaches muscle to bone and is the focus for the “pull” of the muscle. When you damage it (see Tendinitis) the muscle pulls part of the tendon away from the bone and the attachment point (or focus) becomes frayed and sore. In the case of a rupture the tendon becomes completely detached from the bone and you can no longer move the joint. While the tendons themselves are enormously strong (half the tensile strength of steel), the attachment to the bone is usually weaker and first to give. Tendinitis is most common at the sites of the strongest muscles (quads, arm muscles, calves).

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Tags: Arms and Legs, Tendons, rupture -, Muscles, Joint strains, Muscle sprain or strain, Rupture of Tendons, Tendinitis

Loose Bodies in the Knee - Osteochondritis Dissecans

Sometimes small amounts of bone or cartilage come loose in the knee and float around the joint. There are a number of reasons why this can happen. You may have damaged a blood vessel through injury, and part of the bone and joint has come away. You may have Osteoarthritis where particles of the bone have come loose. You may have chipped part(s) of a bone, again from an old injury. Or parts of the lining of the joint crumble and become hardened.

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Tags: Joints, Knees, Loose Bodies in the Knee - Osteochondritis Dissecans, Osteoarthritis, Sports Injuries

Torn Muscle - Muscle Tears

Your muscles are made of fibres resembling threads wound into rope. Each layer is covered by “cling film”. A muscle tear happens when these “threads” are stretched too much and break. As they break, the severed ends spring back and curl up. This space is then filled with blood which causes the discoloration that appears as bruising after a day or so. Muscles can tear for many reasons, lack of proper warm-up, over stressing, weakness from a previous injury or poor repair, over tired, tense or cold muscles damage more easily.

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Tags: Muscles, torn, Muscle Tears, Muscle sprain or strain, Sports Injuries

Dislocated Kneecap - Patella

The patella is anatomical name for the kneecap. It is embedded in the tendon at the end of the thigh muscles and slides in a groove as the thigh muscle shortens and lengthens. It acts as part of a pulley, sliding over the end of the thigh bone, transferring the pull of the quadriceps muscle when you straighten your knee. In fact, it is involved in every action of the knee joint and every time you move your knee the kneecap glides along its track.

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Tags: Back - Lower, Arms and Legs, Lower Body, Knees, Shin, Ankle, Ligaments, Dislocated Kneecap - Patella, Joint strains


Viruses are highly infectious germs that attack your body. They are mostly airborne and can attack any of your body’s systems and when they get into your bloodstream they make you feel sick. Your body’s self defence mechanism kicks in immediately by increasing its own temperature to kill off the infection. When your body wins the fight and gets better, it then builds a resistance to re-infection, so that you probably will never get sick from that infection again.

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Tags: Whole Body, Muscles, Back pain


Influenza or flu is a common viral infection. There are so many different strains of the virus that we are not able to build up immunity to the flu and we all tend to get re-infected every so often. The virus spreads very easily through droplets that travel mostly through the air. But we can also pick it up from food, sharing cooking utensils, telephones or even shaking hands with an infected person. The flu virus is fought within the body.

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Tags: Whole Body, Back - Upper, Back - Lower, Chest, Muscles, Back pain, Stress related conditions


There are two kinds of infection, bacterial and viral. They both spread primarily through the air or through contact with a carrier or an infected person. Sharing contaminated food utensils or other things (like phones) is the main way of getting infected. Many of these illnesses will result in muscular aches and pains and more specifically in back pain. As the kidneys are located near the lower back an infection here is a common cause of back pain.

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Tags: Whole Body, Back - Lower, Chest, Muscles, Back pain


Your coccyx, also known as the “tail bone” is made up of the lowest 5 bones in the spine. Usually some of the 5 are joined together so that you may have only three or so segments. Your coccyx is as individual as you are, they come in all shapes and sizes! These segments, like all bones are held together by ligaments. Coccydynia is the term for any pain coming from the coccyx area. Pain can start from a blow (kick in the butt), a fall on your bottom, childbirth, or by a small bony growth that inflames a bursa.

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Tags: Back - Lower, Lower Body, Ligaments, Spine, Tendons, Muscles, Back pain, Coccydynia, Sports Injuries

Aortic Aneurysm

The aorta is the largest artery in the body and carries all the blood from the heart. Sometimes it can develop a weakness in the wall and this can cause the wall to bulge outwards. When this happens the aorta it is called an Aortic Aneurysm. Most people will have an aneurysm without being aware of it. The aneurysm can burst and if it does it causes excruciating pain in the abdomen and back. It is a medical emergency as there can be a devastating internal blood loss.

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Tags: Back - Upper, Back - Lower, Chest, Abdomen, Back pain

Spinal Stenosis

Your spine is made up of a series of 33 bones, stacked like poker chips one on top of the other. There is a tunnel from top to bottom through which passes the spinal cord -- the nerve supply to the body. Spinal Stenosis happens when this hollow gets too small for the cord and closing in, begins to press on the cord.

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Tags: Upper Body, Back - Upper, Back - Lower, Ligaments, Tendons, Muscles, Back pain, Spinal Stenosis

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